FutureStates

Biodiversity and Natural Resources Management

Biodiversity and Natural Resources Management

Institution-strengthening and training in biodiversity conservation (island states, Caspian, Baikal, North Sea, Atlantic, Caribbean, Indian Ocean) policy development (India, Bangladesh and Nepal), specification/procurement of support systems (computing, photographic and field survey equipment, vehicles) for government conservation agencies, design, development of biodiversity information management systems (as part of environmental risk/hazard management programmes), development/review of management plans (Rainforest, Red Sea, North Sea) public awareness programmes (beautification, Arctic, Red Sea) and specialist support on target conservation species (Caspian, Arctic) undertaken in Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Dominica, Egypt, FYR Macedonia, Guyana, India, Jamaica, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Liberia, Mauritania, Namibia, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Trinidad & Tobago, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Turks & Caicos, Uganda, UK, Uruguay, Venezuela.

Projects undertaken by FutureStates in this category

LocationAgency/SectorAssignmentProject Description
UgandaEU (EuroPlus)ExpertDiagnostic Studies were undertaken to support the Mid-Term-Review of Uganda's 2nd National Development Plan (NDP-2) and evaluation of NDP-1. Specific studies were Environment, Natural Resources, Climate Change, and the Green Economy. Studies identified for each of the four thematic areas (a) current situation, (b) progress made against the NDP targets and (c) public and private financing against NDP projections.
SerbiaEU (AECOM)Team LeaderFormulate support to all institutions involved in the area of disaster management, prevention, and resilience building, with a focus on agriculture and the rural sector generally (climate smart agriculture).
Antigua & Barbuda, Barbados, Jamaica, St Lucia, SurinameCDB (KEIOS)ExpertDevelopment of new Urban Sector Policy and Strategy and associated Operational Guidelines through which to implement the strategy and dissemination of urban information and policies to all member states through a Regional Workshop.
GuineaOil and Gas (Confidential)ExpertDrafting of a Project Brief for discussions with Government prior to undertaking an ESIA for preliminary offshore work.
PalestineEC, EIB (Acciona)Institutional Assessment and TrainingInstitutional Assessment and Training: Preparation and delivery of a training course on environmental law to Palestinian institutions applying to desalination plants (construction and operations) ~ Local laws, Israeli and MENA regulations, EU regulations, Equator principles, World Bank Safeguards and IFC performance standards.
Dominican RepublicACP-EU (Safege)Climate Change Preparation of INDCs: Technical assistance and capacity building to prepare INDCs in countries throughout Caribbean. Tasks included: Review of existing methodologies and approaches; Preparation and delivery of a curriculum and training plan; and Preparation of training materials and delivery of regional capacity-building.
Sierra LeoneMCC (IMC)Monitoring & Evaluation Expert, Team LeaderMonitoring & Evaluation: Provision of M & E for the Natural Resource Management, Environment and Social Impact Assessment and Resettlement Due Diligence Services for Development of Power, Water and Sanitation Service Improvements in Sierra Leone. The work covers the initial due diligence of the MCC compact development process.
SeychellesExpertise France (MWH)Climate ChangeClimate Change Expert Climate Change INDCs: Preparation of Intended Nationally Determined Contributions for the Government of Seychelles in advance of its negotiations at the next UNFCCC CoP (21) in Paris.
KuwaitKuwait Petroleum CorporationChairman and SpeakerEnvironmental Sustainability and Climate Change: Session Chairman at Kuwait International HSE Conference and Exhibition and speaker on Environmental Strategies, Policies and Measures for a Healthy Ecosystem.
MauritaniaCOMASUD (Sopex)Strategic Environmental and Social AssessmentA Front End Engineering Design for the construction of an integrated sugar complex is being undertaken and requires an ESIA. The main goal of the industrial project is to produce about 145,000 tonnes of white sugar per year from sugar cane, produced locally, to supply the local market. To optimise revenues, a second goal is to transform the by-products of sugar cane, such as molasses, bagasse and so on into value-added products such as ethanol, electricity, fertilisers, cattle feed and so on.
MozambiqueWorld Bank (Cardno US)Strategic Environmental and Social AssessmentStrategic Environmental and Social Assessment: to provide a strategic framework for strengthening environmental and social sustainability of the mineral, coal, gas, LNG, artisanal and small-scale mining sectors, and for strengthening the addressing of health and safety in these sectors.
Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, UkraineEU (Tractebel)Regional EvaluationGlobal assessment of the EU support provided at regional level in the fields of environmental governance and green economy, water management, and climate change in the Eastern Partnership countries , 2007-2013 and make recommendations for further EU support for the forthcoming programming period (2014-2020).
UgandaAgricultureClimate Change AdaptationProvision of advice during the preparation of a USAID Concept Note describing a project to empower rural farmers to undertake sustainable agriculture, in anticipation that this will enhance food security and assist with adapting to climate change by reducing vulnerability and building resilience.
NigeriaOil & Gas (Environ)Due DiligenceIdentify potential liabilities in oil and gas concessions related to potential environmental or social issues that could have a material impact on the value of the assets assessed; the number and magnitude of oil spills and the remedial work and measures that has been carried out and measures taken to prevent oil spills in the future; current environmental non-compliance with local laws and regulations and actions being taken; facility requirements and cost estimates required to meet current and reasonably foreseeable; environmental regulations; past and current environmental liabilities and penalties including any on-site and off-site contaminated land liabilities; and site remediation, closure and monitoring; past and current gas flaring volumes and penalties and measures taken to reduce gas flaring in the future; past and current security issues and disruptions (bunkering) and measures in place to improve security and reduce oil losses; threatened or actual third party or regulatory action or claims; past and current relationships with the local communities.
RwandaBTC (Sopex)Mid-Term ReviewMid-Term Review of the Support Programme to the Development of the Forestry Sector in Rwanda to evaluate the project schedule and objectives, appropriateness and feasibility, and potential mid-term corrections. To review the sustainability action plan proposed by the project and, if implemented, the level of expectation concerning the sustainability of the investments. Recommendations concerning whether or not the donor should continue supporting the forestry sector in Rwanda, how should this support be designed and implemented. All this within a traditional focus on relevance, effectiveness, efficiency and sustainability.
Sierra LeoneMacAlister Elliott & PartnersEIA ~ Minerals TerminalAn EIA is being undertaken of a new tank farm to support terminal development for offloading of fuel for mining operations in hinterland.
Sierra LeoneEC (AGEG)Ex-post EvaluationEx-post Evaluation: Evaluation of project: "Technical Assistance and Capacity Building for the Sierra Leone Environmental Protection Agency". Evaluation of all aspects relative to design, implementation and results. Includes evaluation with respect to overall support provided by the EU to the sector and within context of legal and institutional arrangements, assessing the coherence of the EU support and its relevance to the national priorities as expressed in the mandate of the EPA SL and the PRSP II.
GhanaEC (AGEG)Country Environmental ProfilePreparation of CEP to: Identify and assess environmental and climate change issues for consideration during programming process for 11th EDF (2014-2020) and identification/design of future 11th EDF support activities; Provide decision-makers in Ghana, and in EU, with clear information on: key environmental challenges (including those resulting from increasing climate variability and climate change); current policy, legislative and institutional framework; and strategies and programmes (including those of the EC and other donors) designed to address them; Establish key linkages between environment, including climate change, and poverty reduction; Contribute to focusing political dialogue and co-operation with Government.
MadagascarCarbonBrakeClimate ChangeDevelopment of a carbon sequestration scheme and climate-resilient forestry working with local partners.
VietnamBTC (Sher)Climate ChangeClimate Change: Formulation Mission to strengthen the capacities of three provinces to apply the national strategy on climate change by covering in a comprehensive and participatory manner the issues related to regional spatial planning, urban planning and water management.
MontenegroEC (SOPEX)Peer Review, QAEvaluation: Ex-Ante Evaluation of the Operational Programmes for IPA Components III & IV and Strategic Environmental Environmental Assessment of the Operational Programme for IPA Component III - Montenegro.
PakistanEC (AGEG)Climate ChangeScoping Mission to explore and identify interventions to support the Government and build its capacity to address climate change with a reasonable expectation of sustainability in the long run and potential complementarity with the EU's upcoming and ongoing projects in the area of rural development, natural resources management and sustainable development in the country and region, as well as the programmes of other donors active in the field of climate change and sustainable development.
SenegalForestryCarbon ManagementEvaluation of groundnut-briquette making technology to replace charcoal and the use of Jatropha as a biofuel.
Belize, GlobalEC (MWH)Climate ChangeKey Expert advising the Global Climate Change Alliance which provides a platform for dialogue and exchange among the EU and target countries and provides support in five priority areas: Adaptation to climate change; Reducing emissions from deforestation; Enhancing participation in the Clean Development Mechanism ; Promoting Disaster Risk Reduction; and, Integrating climate change into poverty reduction efforts. Specified and organised identification and formulation missions to Benin, Gambia, Sierra Leone, Uganda, Samoa, Laos and Bhutan and facilitated regional climate change conference for Caribbean.
NigeriaFederal Ministry of EnvironmentDue DiligencePeer Review of new EIA Sector Guidelines for the Cement and Lime Manufacturing Plants, on behalf of the Federal Ministry of Environment.
NigeriaLAMATADue DiligencePeer review of EIA for a Bus Rapid Transit Scheme in Lagos on behalf of the Lagos Metropolitan Transport Authority.
NigeriaAllison Fisheries Limited (CARES)EIA ~ portScoping, planning and peer review of EIA for a Sugar and Grain Terminal.
CaribbeanDFIDClimate ChangeRapid Climate Change screening of the DFID Caribbean portfolio of programmes/projects and assessment of priorities for interventions.
TanzaniaCARE InternationalClimate ChangeFormulation of Global Climate Change Alliance concept note for arid, semi-arid and plateau situations.
MalawiECSEA - SugarSEA: Carried out for the implementation of the National Adaptation Strategy of the Sugar Industry and the relevant EC Multi-Annual support. Overall objective ~ describe, identify and assess the likely significant environmental challenges, considerations and effects of implementing the NAS with regard to the environmental impact of the sugar restructuring.
NigeriaDFIDState Peer ReviewElaboration of environmental indicators to assist in the development of the peer review mechanism as part of the State Evaluation and Assessment Tool being undertaken within the State Partnership for Accountability, Responsiveness and Capability programme, on behalf of the Nigeria Governors’ Forum and the Federal Government.
NigeriaGovernmentClimate Change PolicyNigeria Climate Change Policy and National Response Strategy Call for Memoranda. Developed a Memorandum on behalf of the Special Climate Change Unit to support the Nigeria Climate Change Policy and National Response Strategy (refers to REDD, FLEGT, CDM and Disaster Risk Reduction).
GlobalECPeer ReviewEvaluation of Proposals /(Full applications): Call for Proposals for the “Thematic Programme for Environment and Sustainable Management of Natural Resources, including Energy”. Assessed several full applications) nearly all of which included assessments of one or more of climate change, REDD, FLEGT, CDM and Disaster Risk Reduction and all included review and assessment of agreements with partner organisations, project formulation, log frames, action plan and/or work-plan drafting, budget drafting etc.
FijiECSEA - SugarSEA: Carried out for the implementation of the National Adaptation Strategy for the Sugar Industry. Overall objective ~ describe, identify and assess the likely significant environmental challenges, considerations and effects of implementing the NAS with regard to the environmental impact of the sugar restructuring. Involved a Scoping Study and the SEA Study itself with some emphasis on co-generation, biofuels and carbon sequestration.
DenmarkWaterClimate ChangeProvision of assistance at COP 15, to the water sector on integrating water issues into the negotiating text.
UgandaECClimate ChangeUpdate the Country Environment Profile and identify ways and means to strengthen EC support to address climate change in Uganda.
NigeriaUrban DevelopmentEIA - reclamationPeer review of an EIA for reclaiming coastal land for residential and commercial development.
BelizeECSEA - SugarSEA: Carried out for the implementation of the Belize Country Strategy for the Adaptation of the Sugar Industry 2006-2015 and the relevant EC Multi-Annual Support. Overall objective ~ describe, identify and assess the likely significant environmental challenges, considerations and effects of implementing the BCS with regard to the environmental impact of the sugar restructuring. Involved a Scoping Study and the SEA Study itself.
Global, Papua New Guinea, PhilippinesECClimate Change, Risk ScreeningEstimation of the part of the EC's aid portfolio that is potentially at risk due to climate change. Specifically this includes developing and testing a process to screen EC interventions for their likely vulnerability to climate change impacts and their potential direct and indirect consequences on the capacity to adapt to climate change or climate change mitigation potential of a sector/country. The analysis also provides recommendations to effectively respond to climate change challenges in development co-operation.
NamibiaECEvaluation of water and sanitation sectorAssignment called for an assessment of the environmental governance issues in the urban and rural, water and sanitation sectors in Namibia, supporting the preparation and processing of key strategic documents for the future development of the sector, and assisting the stakeholders coordination process, identifying potential interventions to improve water and sanitation governance and increase access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation to be funded under the 10th EDF.
Saudi ArabiaInvestorsEnvironmental due diligence ~ refineryJubail Export Refinery is to be developed to include an export facility (400,000 barrel per day of Arabian Heavy crude oil from Saudi Arabian fields) with upgrading feedstock to motor fuels and petrochemical feeds (no heavy fuel oil production) and configured as a full-conversion coking facility, producing a limited volume of petrochemical products. The assignment involved review and commenting on of ESIA for marine issues particularly oil spill contingency.
LiberiaMiningEnvironmental Impact Assessment ~ dredging and coastal protectionAssignment called for a scoping study to be developed to identify environmental and social impacts associated with the de-silting of the channel into Port Buchanan, Liberia for the purposes of iron ore export. Discussions with government ministries, and stakeholders from the adjacent fishing communities were undertaken and various potential issues identified and mitigations proposed, including potential beach nourishment.
IraqKurdish Regional GovernmentForestryProvision of advice to Kurdistan Regional Government (Prime Minister's Office) in Iraq concerning the application of a Clean Development Mechanism (Kyoto Protocol) for the re-forestation of much of northern Iraq with CDM and non-CDM agro-forestry linked directly to community development and local markets.
MontenegroNGODue diligence of environmental studies ~ master planThe work entailed appraisal of a master planning document concerning the intention to put the country on a sustainable development course. Review and detailed comments made on the document "Montenegro ~ Towards an Ecological State".
EgyptGovernmentStrategic Environmental Assessment ~ National Sustainable Tourism Strategic PlanThis assignment is being undertaken in Egypt on behalf of the Ministry of Tourism and the Tourism Development Authority. The tourism target is 25 million visitors by 2020 and is codified in The National Sustainable Tourism Strategic Plan. A key question is whether there is enough capacity in Egypt's natural, historical, cultural, and human resources to sustain the envisaged growth. The assignment explores the capacity of the tourism sector to cope with the expansion target and seeks to understand what may be needed to eliminate or minimise constraints. The study also reviews the existing tourism impacts and considers what future impacts there may be and what strategies could be deployed to minimise those, where and if possible. Because the anticipated tourism growth is expected to be coastally based, the study places emphasis on the coastal and marine resources.
IraqGovernmentIdentification of environmental projects for post conflict situationSupport was provided to a British Trade Mission to the Kurdish Region of Iraq specifically to identify appropriate environmental support identification/development of projects; discussions with Kurdish Regional Government; Ministers of Agriculture, Environment, Interior, Planning, Municipalities; Governors and Chambers of Commerce. Two areas of support are being taken forward; technical assistance to the KRG Ministry of Environment and the development of regional forestry ~ reforestation and agro-forestry.
Burkina Faso, MauritaniaForestrySustainable forestry Development of a carbon sequestration scheme, working with local partners in the far west of Burkina Faso, and in Mauritania.
NicaraguaUSAIDDevelopment/Delivery of EIA trainingA three-day, EIA course was developed and delivered in Nicaragua, with local NGO, for government agencies, fully supported with a delegate's manual and used local case study examples, focussing on the oil and gas sector specifically the potential impacts of seismic acquisition and exploration drilling.
Trinidad & TobagoECDisaster Preparedness AssessmentCurrent arrangements in Trinidad & Tobago were assessed for all aspects of disaster preparedness leading to financing for improved disaster management capability; regional, national and at community level.
AsiaECRegional Environmental ProfileThe Asia-wide Regional Environmental Profile was required for the preparation of the Regional Strategy Paper and Regional Indicative Programme. It covered: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam. The purpose of the strategy was to provide a framework for programming EC multi-country development assistance for Asia-wide programmes; included reviews of all CEPs and relevant activities on MEAs.
Saudi ArabiaLegalImplementation of EIAProvision of advice concerning the implementation and enforcement of existing environmental legislation of Saudi Arabia, specifically EIA, and the relative roles of the municipal and national statutory authorities in environmental protection.
UgandaEUCountry Environmental ProfileSupport was provided for the preparation of a Country Strategy Paper for Uganda, to directly influence EC cooperation activities, and ensure cooperation strategies integrate environmental considerations into the selection of priority focal areas.
Bangladesh, India, NepalOil & GasPolicy advice ~ biodiversityPolicy: Assessment of current/future biodiversity impacts and risks in India, Bangladesh and Nepal; review of current Company practices in safeguarding environmentally sensitive areas and biodiversity conservation; consultation with central/local government; research and university institutes; local conservation/biodiversity organisations; review of current and emerging institutional frameworks, laws and initiatives (international, regional, national) on ESAs and biodiversity conservation; included reviews of relevant activities on MEAs.
GuyanaEUCountry Environmental ProfileSupport was provided for the preparation of a Country Strategy Paper for Guyana, to directly influence EC cooperation activities, and ensure cooperation strategies integrate environmental considerations into the selection of priority focal areas.
Russian FederationOil & GasEnvironmental Impact Assessment ~ pipeline routingComparative environmental and social risk-based analysis undertaken for pipeline route options in the Russian Federation as part of a major field expansion, using comprehensive technical reviews, additional engineering and environmental surveys. Key sensitive issues: Western Grey Whale, Steller's Sea Eagle, other Red Book species, Class I forest, lagoons, wetlands etc.
BelgiumEU AidCoEvaluation of grant applicationsEvaluation of grant applications submitted in response to call for proposals relating to environment and forests - for the following developing countries - Albania, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Brazil, Cameroon, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Egypt, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Kenya, Lebanon, Malawi, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, Pakistan, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines South Africa, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, Vietnam, and Zimbabwe: capacity-building, cleaner production, multilateral environmental agreements, biodiversity, and sustainable use of natural and marine/coastal resources.
JamaicaEU AidCoProject Evaluation ~ marine protected area and ecotourismProject evaluation was undertaken in Jamaica - The Self-Sustainability of the Negril Marine Park, Project ENV/B7-6200/98-22 to determine lessons learned over the period of EC project funding (1999 2002). EC wished to be appraised of why most of the activities were delayed and to evaluate the outputs of the project in terms of relevance, efficiency, effectiveness, impact and sustainability.
Bosnia and HerzegovinaEC PHAREInstitutional Strengthening ~ sustainable management Transfer environmental and sustainable management competence to local partners (ministries, universities, companies and individuals) in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Activities: cost-benefit of environment policies, options of environmental policy instruments, a single economic/legal resource centre, drafting of legal documents, clarification of the roles and responsibilities at State/Entity/Cantonal/Municipal level and the application of PCM; included reviews of relevant activities on MEAs.
Russian FederationInvestorsDue diligence ~ pipelineAssignment involved the assessment and summary of the ecological and socio-economic work carried out by the oil company and its Russian sub contractors in the Russian Far East. Comments made on: adequacy for characterisation of the terrestrial environment - including spatial and temporal coverage; identification of protected areas and species identified; detailed surveys carried out in vicinity of the major facilities (LNG plant, tanker loading facility, oil export terminal, offshore producing facilities, booster stations, pipe landfall, pipeline, construction camps etc.). Reviewed mitigation measures outlined in preliminary EIA report for adequacy.
TurkmenistanEC-TACISDrafting of a regulation for EIAAssignment involved provision of policy advice and assistance to the Ministry of Nature Use and Environmental Protection in Turkmenistan regarding the application of EIA to projects in the oil and gas sector. Work entailed preparation of a normative (legal) procedure for the EIA of proposed oil and gas facilities, involved extensive inter-ministry discussions, visits to existing oil and gas facilities.
BrazilIADBDue diligence ~ portThe construction and operation of a private port (Port of Itapo) in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil was assessed. The Port of Itapo expected to handle 1M tons of forest products [wood chips and logs] and 4 M tons of containerised cargo. Components and facilities: container-handling terminal, wood-chip handling terminal, administration and other general installations. Tasks: summarising relevant characteristics related to the environmental, social, health and safety aspects, based upon a review of existing information and a site reconnaissance, and evaluating adequacy of the proposed environmental, social, health and safety assessments, plans and procedures. Compliance audit: sawmill, products facility and a protected area.
EgyptWorld Bank, (GEF)CZM ~ GEF Red Sea Coastal and Marine Resource Management ProjectWorking with government agencies including the Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency and the Tourism Development Authority, activities included: development of a database utilising GIS and remote sensing techniques; baseline studies on existing pollution and nature-based tourism, a regulatory needs assessment, identification of institutional strengthening needs, building capacity in EIA, establishment of an Environmental Monitoring and Enforcement Coordination Unit, a Reef Recreation Management Unit, and development of a Marine Protected Areas Programme.
BotswanaUK Government, DFIDEnvironmental Impact Assessment ~ damsEnvironmental and socio-economic studies undertaken for Department for Water Affairs in Botswana for proposed water storage scheme - benefits and disbenefits of building major dams in the region, and on what the downstream effects would be on water users (irrigation schemes, potable supply, industrial use) if large percentages of the water supply were retained in large dams upstream of the general use areas. Several existing dam s in the region were reviewed and a socio-economic study identified the importance financially, agriculturally and culturally of the dams, particularly small dams, as a focus for stock watering and community interaction.
MontserratUK Government, DFIDEnvironmental Impact Assessment ~ airportAssessed potential social and environmental impact of the development of Blackburne airport in Montserrat as part of a wider series of studies (engineering, financial and tourism) for the detailed feasibility of airport development: evaluation of the effects of the development on the Farm River, natural drainage patterns, coastal regime, local flora and fauna, archaeological interest, noise and dust, and on the introduction of pests and diseases. The evaluation indicated that the major impacts of the project were likely to be on land-take, landscape, the Farm River, heritage, certain local communities, transportation and infrastructure. Compensation packages were developed for properties. A sensitive design of the proposed airport built elements was recommended to maintain the infrastructure in keeping with the local architecture. The natural alignment of the Farm River was retained with the use of culverts. A local sugar mill (including, chimney, boiling house and plantation house) was recommended for relocation and an Amerindian village was recommended for excavation prior to construction. A local community would need to be relocated for safety reasons.
OmanUK Government, DFIDEnvironmental Impact Assessment ~ harbourOutline feasibility was undertaken to identify potential areas along the northern coast of Oman that could support a new commercial port facility, associated shipping, and also artisanal fisheries. Initial approach to review each potential area along the coast in terms of its access for commercial traffic and its suitability for indigenous fisheries. Then, if various investment threshold criteria were exceeded, an environmental appraisal was made of that option.
JordanWorld BankEnvironmental Impact Assessment ~ damFeasibility studies for water storage and agricultural development scheme in Jordan - an earth fill embankment dam to form a storage reservoir in a side tributary of the River Jordan. To maximise project benefits, the dam was designed to impound a gross storage volume of 55 MCM which would inundate approximately 45 ha of existing, irrigated land. Study augmented previous preliminary work by addressing effect of the reservoir on the drainage of the irrigated land around the reservoir perimeter and water quality of the storage reservoir. Various sources of water to the reservoir had different chemistries from freshwater to brackish water to boron-rich waters. A flow model computed final water quality assuming certain flow rates for different parts of the year for different sources - used to identify which crops would be sensitive to the water from the reservoir and how best to organise the agricultural development downstream of the reservoir to maximise benefits of the stored water.
Trinidad & TobagoIADBCZMThe Ministry of Environment, Trinidad & Tobago required a study to assess the islands' natural resource base and to consider its environmental protection needs. Development opportunities of the resources were recognised, both for revenue earning capacity as a major export and also as a tourism opportunity. Various ministries, government departments and agencies with an interest in, or a duty for, the management of individual resources were identified. Existing information on the natural resource base was collated and mapped - identifying the primary natural resources, legislation that was available to protect those resources and whether that legislation was effective. Additional methods of environmental protection were proposed.
DominicaCDBEnvironmental Impact Assessment ~ marinaAssessed the potential environmental and social risks of a marina development at Indian River, Portsmouth in Dominica as part of a wider series of studies (engineering, financial and tourism) that was addressing the entire feasibility of tourism implementation plans. Tasks - an evaluation of the effects of the proposed facilities on the hydraulic behaviour of the Indian River, the coastal regime into which the river discharges, the flora and fauna within the environment that would be affected, and the cost of mitigation measures. During the course of the study the hydraulic nature of the river was described as was the local ecology and conservation interest in the area. The scenic quality was qualitatively assessed. Likely effects of both the construction and operational phases of the development were identified and in particular an assessment was made of the key impacts - ecology, erosion, dredging activity (spoil dispersal), noise, landscape, drainage, transportation and socio-economic conditions. Mitigation plan developed and costed to safeguard ecology, landscape, local economy and culture.
LibyaOil & GasEnvironmental Impact Assessment ~ explorationPrior to the acquisition of further acreage for oil exploration in Libya- identified the environmental and archaeological features that may be sensitive to petroleum development. Data were reviewed for the areas of interest and for climate, oceanography, geology, land use, fisheries and archaeology. The political and economic structures were reviewed as were land use, water resources, and environmental policy and planning. Existing legislation were reviewed and areas of conflict with petroleum activity were identified. Two potential sensitivities were identified: a set of archaeological remains and the potential for the breeding grounds of an endangered species of seal to be affected. Recommendations were made.
Turks and Caicos IslandsUK Government, DFIDEnvironmental Impact Assessment ~ airportPart of a feasibility study to review the existing airport infrastructure of the Turks and Caicos, national structure plan and tourist development options. Various airport options on five different islands were reviewed in terms of potential environmental impact. Appraisal considered ecology, waste disposal, cultural and noise issues and ranked the various topics in relation to each option, from the least to the most sensitive. Several sensitive receptors within the locality of each development option including mangrove swamps, sea grass beds, coral reefs, residential communities and wilderness-value environments. The outcome determined that no new site was available for an international airport. Consequently, the existing airports were considered for runway extensions to allow international traffic to use them. The extensions were designed taking into account environmental mitigation as developed through the appraisal process.
Barbados, JamaicaUK GovernmentCZMAdaptive strategies to environmental stress in relation to environmental change in brackish water systems (Baltic Sea) and coral reefs (Jamaica and Barbados). In parallel, other studies included fish censusing as part of a programme to investigate overfishing problems; the impact of development on island natural resources and economies, and plankton investigations (time-series) as part of understanding the energy budgets of coral reefs.
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