Coastal Zone Management

Coastal Zone Management

Integrated coastal management studies and/or programmes:

Assignments have included all aspects of integrated coastal management particularly, biodiversity issues, pollution sources control (including oil spill contingency planning Tiers 1, 2 and 3), oil & gas development, legislative development, liability and compensation, inventories and GIS, social development & stakeholder participation and support training.

Specialist knowledge has been developed concerning the challenges faced by economies in transition, island states, and developing countries, regarding the effective management of their coastlines, especially where under development pressure and where there are transboundary issues and concerns.

Projects undertaken by FutureStates in this category

LocationAgency/SectorAssignmentProject Description
NigeriaPorts (CARES)Risk Assessment ExpertJetty Risk Assessment: Quantitative Risk Assessment for operational safety of three Liquid Berths Facility using a mix of different methodologies to identify operational risk and mitigation plans (HAZID, HAZOP and SWIFT etc.); Controlled Zones Assessment and Dimensioning: to determine the dos and don’ts within identified zones of the port; and IMDG Handling: Hazardous Cargo Compatibility Study to assess the risks of having any of the IMDG classes of cargo in the container terminal close to handling of the different cargo identified for the Liquid Berth.
Aruba, Bonaire, Curacao, Sint Maarten, St Helena, St MartinEU (Cowater)Team LeaderFinal Evaluation: Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in Territories (OCTs) using standard DAC criteria + EU Added Value to assess: Promote the conservation of biodiversity and sustainable use of ecosystem services, including ecosystem-based approaches to climate change adaptation and mitigation, as a basis for sustainable development in OCTs. The specific objective is to enable, empower and strengthen local authorities and civil society organisations, which are committed to local development, biodiversity conservation and sustainable use of ecosystem services in OCTs (through the implementation of a grant scheme accompanied by the capacity building activities).
CanadaOil & Gas SectorTechnical AdvisorBiodiversity: Provision of technical support concerning a nature park aiming for RAMSAR designation and on-site support at COP 15 (Montreal December 2022).
Comoros, Djibouti, Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, Seychelles, Somalia, TanzaniaEU (CYE)Programming ExpertFormulation: Preparation of all the necessary elements for a draft Action Document to implement a programme on ocean governance, sustainable blue economy and conservation and restoration of coastal ecosystems in the Western Indian Ocean.
The GambiaUNDP (EuroPlus)Team LeaderFinal Evaluation: United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) for The Gambia 2017-2021: The final report will be the main accountability tool for measuring the collective contribution of the UNCT in the Gambia. It will focus on issues at the strategic level and the overall contribution of the United Nations System at the outcome level, as well as the contribution to the national priorities and SDGs. Moreover, it will provide valuable information for improved programming, results, and decision-making for the next programme cycle and for enhancing UN coordination at the country level. Three key priority areas of (1) Governance, Economic Management and Human Rights; (2) Human Capital Development; and (3) Sustainable Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environmental Management
Angola, Botswana, Comoros, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eswatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia, ZimbabweEU (Cowater)Team LeaderSupport for the development of a SADC Response Plan to combat marine pollution in the region: outlining policy gaps and response mechanisms; Undertake analysis and assessment of the existing national and regional policies on oceans; In-depth analysis of SADC regional structures and Member States to assess strengths/weaknesses, opportunities and threats to sustainable management of marine ecosystems in the region; Conduct assessment of the extent and impact of marine pollution in the region, including the various waste streams; In-depth stakeholder analysis to identify and assess the involvement on different key stakeholders in combating marine pollution; Review and integrate lessons learnt elsewhere from development and implementation of the interventions for combating marine pollution, with case studies (one coastal state, one island state and state with large inland waters); Develop a plan outlining regional response mechanism to combat marine pollution; Facilitate a 2-day workshop in the region with at least one representative of each SADC MS for the validation of the regional response plan to combat marine pollution.
GlobalEU (COWI)Team LeaderFinal Evaluation: Technical Assistance for the mainstreaming of environmental sustainability, including biodiversity, climate change and disaster risk reduction. The specific purpose of the evaluation is to assess the Mainstreaming Facility’s work using the six standard DAC evaluation criteria, namely: relevance, coherence, efficiency, effectiveness, sustainability and impact. In addition, evaluation will assess the EU added value.
Albania, Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Egypt, Georgia, Israel, Jordan, Kosovo, Lebanon, Libya, Moldova, Montenegro, Morocco, North Macedonia, Palestine, Serbia, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, UkraineEU (Particip)Team LeaderEvaluation: of funding mechanisms and modalities of implementation in Enlargement and Neighbourhood areas 2014 - 2020 covering all thematic areas related to environment and climate change. Results are to enhance planning, design, implementation and monitoring of new interventions launched in the context of IPA III and the Neighbourhood, Development and International Cooperation Instrument.
EgyptEU (Prospect)Team LeaderIdentification and Formulation of the EU Environment & Climate programme under the Annual Action Programme 2020 and programming support for 2021-2027. Two streams of action: support for Environment/Climate sector alongside Single Support Framework for European Support to Egypt and capacity -building with Ministry of Environment (Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency) to support the establishment of a strong policy framework to mainstream environmental and climate in other policy areas notably through the circular economy. Also mid-term priorities for 2021-2027 and recommendations to mainstream environment and climate action in all sectors of EU intervention. Implementation modality, and ToRs or specification for TA service contract or any relevant modality.
Antigua & Barbuda, Barbados, Jamaica, St Lucia, SurinameCDB (KEIOS)ExpertDevelopment of new Urban Sector Policy and Strategy and associated Operational Guidelines through which to implement the strategy and dissemination of urban information and policies to all member states through a Regional Workshop.
GuineaOil and Gas (Confidential)ExpertDrafting of a Project Brief for discussions with Government prior to undertaking an ESIA for preliminary offshore work.
PalestineEC, EIB (Acciona)Institutional Assessment and TrainingInstitutional Assessment and Training: Preparation and delivery of a training course on environmental law to Palestinian institutions applying to desalination plants (construction and operations) ~ Local laws, Israeli and MENA regulations, EU regulations, Equator principles, World Bank Safeguards and IFC performance standards.
Dominican RepublicACP-EU (Safege)Climate Change Preparation of INDCs: Technical assistance and capacity building to prepare INDCs in countries throughout Caribbean. Tasks included: Review of existing methodologies and approaches; Preparation and delivery of a curriculum and training plan; and Preparation of training materials and delivery of regional capacity-building.
SeychellesExpertise France (MWH)Climate ChangeClimate Change Expert Climate Change INDCs: Preparation of Intended Nationally Determined Contributions for the Government of Seychelles in advance of its negotiations at the next UNFCCC CoP (21) in Paris.
Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri LankaEU (Sher)Disaster PreparednessA regional formulation was undertaken of a joint project between the EU and the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation Disaster Management Centre on disaster preparedness and risk reduction with a focus on hydro-meteorological disasters. The project is to promote best practices at regional, national and, to a lesser extent, at local level, and is to provide for capacity-building to the SAARC-DMC, national DMCs and sub-national implementing institutions to ensure that disaster risk preparedness is mainstreamed.
Saudi ArabiaAirport AuthorityEnvironmental ManagementProvision of preliminary advice on the requirements for an internationally-compliant environmental plan for King Abdulaziz International Airport which serves the city of Jeddah. Facilities include high-speed rail service, new and expanded Haij terminal, solar generation, desalination and new city infrastructure.
Cook Is., Kiribati, Samoa, Solomon Is., Tonga, Tuvalu, VanuatuAsian Development BankRegional Energy AssessmentAssessment of Asian Development Bank's cumulative contribution and support to the energy sector from 2000 to 2011 in Pacific developing member countries under the Pacific Approach by evaluating both energy-related loans, grants, and technical assistance projects and their results in improving the delivery of public goods and services in Pacific countries (Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Micronesia, Nauru, Palau, Marshall Islands, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Timor Leste, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu) included selected country visits.
Sierra LeoneMacAlister Elliott & PartnersEIA ~ Minerals TerminalAn EIA is being undertaken of a new tank farm to support terminal development for offloading of fuel for mining operations in hinterland.
Sierra LeoneEC (AGEG)Ex-post EvaluationEx-post Evaluation: Evaluation of project: "Technical Assistance and Capacity Building for the Sierra Leone Environmental Protection Agency". Evaluation of all aspects relative to design, implementation and results. Includes evaluation with respect to overall support provided by the EU to the sector and within context of legal and institutional arrangements, assessing the coherence of the EU support and its relevance to the national priorities as expressed in the mandate of the EPA SL and the PRSP II.
GhanaEC (AGEG)Country Environmental ProfilePreparation of CEP to: Identify and assess environmental and climate change issues for consideration during programming process for 11th EDF (2014-2020) and identification/design of future 11th EDF support activities; Provide decision-makers in Ghana, and in EU, with clear information on: key environmental challenges (including those resulting from increasing climate variability and climate change); current policy, legislative and institutional framework; and strategies and programmes (including those of the EC and other donors) designed to address them; Establish key linkages between environment, including climate change, and poverty reduction; Contribute to focusing political dialogue and co-operation with Government.
Guam, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, PalauEC (Cardno)Renewable EnergyA mid-term review undertaken to: Assess efficiency, effectiveness, relevance, impact and sustainability of the North-Renewable Energy Project in meeting its overall objective of improving quality of life on outer islands of the Marshall Islands (Majuro), Micronesia (Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei and Kosrae) and Palau; Assess extent to which expected benefits are being /will be achieved; Assess extent to which results could be sustainably maintained; and to, Identify required changes in project design including the performance indicators, or curtailment of activities because of significant problems, or need for an extension to the Project.
PakistanEC (AGEG)Climate ChangeScoping Mission to explore and identify interventions to support the Government and build its capacity to address climate change with a reasonable expectation of sustainability in the long run and potential complementarity with the EU's upcoming and ongoing projects in the area of rural development, natural resources management and sustainable development in the country and region, as well as the programmes of other donors active in the field of climate change and sustainable development.
Belize, GlobalEC (MWH)Climate ChangeKey Expert advising the Global Climate Change Alliance which provides a platform for dialogue and exchange among the EU and target countries and provides support in five priority areas: Adaptation to climate change; Reducing emissions from deforestation; Enhancing participation in the Clean Development Mechanism ; Promoting Disaster Risk Reduction; and, Integrating climate change into poverty reduction efforts. Specified and organised identification and formulation missions to Benin, Gambia, Sierra Leone, Uganda, Samoa, Laos and Bhutan and facilitated regional climate change conference for Caribbean.
NigeriaAllison Fisheries Limited (CARES)EIA ~ portScoping, planning and peer review of EIA for a Sugar and Grain Terminal.
CaribbeanDFIDClimate ChangeRapid Climate Change screening of the DFID Caribbean portfolio of programmes/projects and assessment of priorities for interventions.
NigeriaDFIDState Peer ReviewElaboration of environmental indicators to assist in the development of the peer review mechanism as part of the State Evaluation and Assessment Tool being undertaken within the State Partnership for Accountability, Responsiveness and Capability programme, on behalf of the Nigeria Governors’ Forum and the Federal Government.
NigeriaGovernmentClimate Change PolicyNigeria Climate Change Policy and National Response Strategy Call for Memoranda. Developed a Memorandum on behalf of the Special Climate Change Unit to support the Nigeria Climate Change Policy and National Response Strategy (refers to REDD, FLEGT, CDM and Disaster Risk Reduction).
GlobalECPeer ReviewEvaluation of Proposals /(Full applications): Call for Proposals for the “Thematic Programme for Environment and Sustainable Management of Natural Resources, including Energy”. Assessed several full applications) nearly all of which included assessments of one or more of climate change, REDD, FLEGT, CDM and Disaster Risk Reduction and all included review and assessment of agreements with partner organisations, project formulation, log frames, action plan and/or work-plan drafting, budget drafting etc.
UgandaECClimate ChangeUpdate the Country Environment Profile and identify ways and means to strengthen EC support to address climate change in Uganda.
NigeriaUrban DevelopmentEIA - reclamationPeer review of an EIA for reclaiming coastal land for residential and commercial development.
NigeriaPortsHSSE specification ~ portsSpecification and implementation of Health, Safety, Security and Environment in a port and dredging context to comply with ISO 14001, 18001 and 28000.
KuwaitOil & GasImplementation ~ ISO 14001Peer review of ISO 14001 implementation including assessment of environmental aspects, site visits (pipelines, tank farms, contractor sites) and risk methodology.
Saudi ArabiaInvestorsEnvironmental due diligence ~ refineryJubail Export Refinery is to be developed to include an export facility (400,000 barrel per day of Arabian Heavy crude oil from Saudi Arabian fields) with upgrading feedstock to motor fuels and petrochemical feeds (no heavy fuel oil production) and configured as a full-conversion coking facility, producing a limited volume of petrochemical products. The assignment involved review and commenting on of ESIA for marine issues particularly oil spill contingency.
NigeriaPortsTraining ~ EIA, EMS and security managementContributions to a five-day course in Nigeria on EIA, EMS and security management were prepared and delivered to delegates from all the major ports of Nigeria and to key dredging operators, specifically focussing on the Delta ports and best practice.
LiberiaMiningEnvironmental Impact Assessment ~ dredging and coastal protectionAssignment called for a scoping study to be developed to identify environmental and social impacts associated with the de-silting of the channel into Port Buchanan, Liberia for the purposes of iron ore export. Discussions with government ministries, and stakeholders from the adjacent fishing communities were undertaken and various potential issues identified and mitigations proposed, including potential beach nourishment.
MontenegroNGODue diligence of environmental studies ~ master planThe work entailed appraisal of a master planning document concerning the intention to put the country on a sustainable development course. Review and detailed comments made on the document "Montenegro ~ Towards an Ecological State".
EgyptGovernmentStrategic Environmental Assessment ~ National Sustainable Tourism Strategic PlanThis assignment is being undertaken in Egypt on behalf of the Ministry of Tourism and the Tourism Development Authority. The tourism target is 25 million visitors by 2020 and is codified in The National Sustainable Tourism Strategic Plan. A key question is whether there is enough capacity in Egypt's natural, historical, cultural, and human resources to sustain the envisaged growth. The assignment explores the capacity of the tourism sector to cope with the expansion target and seeks to understand what may be needed to eliminate or minimise constraints. The study also reviews the existing tourism impacts and considers what future impacts there may be and what strategies could be deployed to minimise those, where and if possible. Because the anticipated tourism growth is expected to be coastally based, the study places emphasis on the coastal and marine resources.
NigeriaPort, Harbours & MarinasPeer review of initial port enlargement optionsRiver Bonny Channel Expansion in the Nigerian Delta ~ a number of options are being considered to facilitate port access to larger vessels and a higher volume of traffic; to include widening and deepening the existing approach channel or creating a new channel. In either case the channel will need to be dredged and the dumped spoils assessed. Various options are to be assessed for environmental and social impact. The specific task called for peer review of the EIA work undertaken by local and UK consultants.
United States of AmericaUNDPMid-Term ReviewGuidance was provided on the Terms of Reference for, and selection process of, a Mid-Term Reviewer of the IW : LEARN programme, based in the US.
NicaraguaUSAIDDevelopment/Delivery of EIA trainingA three-day, EIA course was developed and delivered in Nicaragua, with local NGO, for government agencies, fully supported with a delegate's manual and used local case study examples, focussing on the oil and gas sector specifically the potential impacts of seismic acquisition and exploration drilling.
St Vincent & GrenadinesUK/US ConsultanciesDisaster Preparedness AssessmentCurrent arrangements were assessed for all aspects of disaster preparedness: national and at community level in St Vincent & The Grenadines.
Trinidad & TobagoECDisaster Preparedness AssessmentCurrent arrangements in Trinidad & Tobago were assessed for all aspects of disaster preparedness leading to financing for improved disaster management capability; regional, national and at community level.
AsiaECRegional Environmental ProfileThe Asia-wide Regional Environmental Profile was required for the preparation of the Regional Strategy Paper and Regional Indicative Programme. It covered: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam. The purpose of the strategy was to provide a framework for programming EC multi-country development assistance for Asia-wide programmes; included reviews of all CEPs and relevant activities on MEAs.
YemenUNDPReview and development ~ environmental indicatorsCountry environmental indicators for the Yemen were reviewed and developed for dams, roads, urban renewal, oil and gas and agriculture. A further requirement was the development of technical content for a new regulation for the EIA of oil and gas sector facilities.
Saudi ArabiaLegalImplementation of EIAProvision of advice concerning the implementation and enforcement of existing environmental legislation of Saudi Arabia, specifically EIA, and the relative roles of the municipal and national statutory authorities in environmental protection.
NigeriaIFIDue diligence ~ pipelineAssessed EIA and other environmental studies for Gbaran-Ubie/EGGS-2 project in Nigeria ~ an onshore large-capacity gas supply source/transport system in Bayelsa State in the eastern part of the Niger delta.
BangladeshEUDisaster Preparedness AssessmentLed Appraisal Mission to Bangladesh to design three-year programme; Earthquake preparedness and mitigation; Community awareness programme for all aspects of disaster preparedness leading to a study /design of a pilot implementation of a permanent disaster management capability; and, Extension of the disaster management information centre with ability to inform in real time to community level.
Russian FederationOil & GasEnvironmental Impact Assessment ~ pipeline routingComparative environmental and social risk-based analysis undertaken for pipeline route options in the Russian Federation as part of a major field expansion, using comprehensive technical reviews, additional engineering and environmental surveys. Key sensitive issues: Western Grey Whale, Steller's Sea Eagle, other Red Book species, Class I forest, lagoons, wetlands etc.
JamaicaEU AidCoProject Evaluation ~ marine protected area and ecotourismProject evaluation was undertaken in Jamaica - The Self-Sustainability of the Negril Marine Park, Project ENV/B7-6200/98-22 to determine lessons learned over the period of EC project funding (1999 2002). EC wished to be appraised of why most of the activities were delayed and to evaluate the outputs of the project in terms of relevance, efficiency, effectiveness, impact and sustainability.
Netherlands, NigeriaOil & GasDue diligence ~ LNGWork in the Netherlands and Nigeria involved the assessment of the environmental, social and health consequences of adding three additional trains, on behalf of financial organisations (lenders and export credit agencies). Assessments include site visits, completion of compliance certificates, appraisal of Pre-Completion and Operational Reports and review of Environmental Compliance Reports on a six monthly basis during construction, and annually thereafter.
Russian FederationEC-TACISOil Spill Contingency PlanToR developed for EC-TACIS 2002 Baltic Sea Region Action Programme to elaborate a global Baltic oil spill safety system based in the Russian Federation. Experience and results of other TACIS projects in the area, current/planned activities of other donors and of the Russian Government in this field were assessed and considered. Liaison with key project partners (Ministries of Natural Resources, of Transport and of Emergencies), EC Delegation in Russia (Moscow and St. Petersburg Office), HELCOM and relevant donors. Based in St Petersburg, Moscow and Kaliningrad.
Russian FederationInvestorsDue diligence ~ pipelineAssignment involved the assessment and summary of the ecological and socio-economic work carried out by the oil company and its Russian sub contractors in the Russian Far East. Comments made on: adequacy for characterisation of the terrestrial environment - including spatial and temporal coverage; identification of protected areas and species identified; detailed surveys carried out in vicinity of the major facilities (LNG plant, tanker loading facility, oil export terminal, offshore producing facilities, booster stations, pipe landfall, pipeline, construction camps etc.). Reviewed mitigation measures outlined in preliminary EIA report for adequacy.
TurkmenistanEC-TACISDrafting of a regulation for EIAAssignment involved provision of policy advice and assistance to the Ministry of Nature Use and Environmental Protection in Turkmenistan regarding the application of EIA to projects in the oil and gas sector. Work entailed preparation of a normative (legal) procedure for the EIA of proposed oil and gas facilities, involved extensive inter-ministry discussions, visits to existing oil and gas facilities.
Saudi ArabiaConstructionEnvironmental Impact Assessment ~ wastewaterPeer review of a company's EIA for a wastewater treatment plant at a refinery at Ras Tanura, Saudi Arabia. The facility was designed to improve the environmental performance of the existing treatment plant and to allow for an increase in capacity in effluent from the refinery. Considered impacts of during construction, commissioning, operation and potential catastrophic situations, against a range of legal requirements, internal standards, and best practice.
BrazilIADBDue diligence ~ portThe construction and operation of a private port (Port of Itapo) in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil was assessed. The Port of Itapo expected to handle 1M tons of forest products [wood chips and logs] and 4 M tons of containerised cargo. Components and facilities: container-handling terminal, wood-chip handling terminal, administration and other general installations. Tasks: summarising relevant characteristics related to the environmental, social, health and safety aspects, based upon a review of existing information and a site reconnaissance, and evaluating adequacy of the proposed environmental, social, health and safety assessments, plans and procedures. Compliance audit: sawmill, products facility and a protected area.
IndiaUK Government, DFID, British CouncilCoastal Zone ManagementProvision of technical and management assistance to support Train-the-Trainer workshops and a Short Course in integrated CZM in India were undertaken at Newcastle and at two centres in India (Jadavpur University, Calcutta and Anna University, Chennai) with the progressive handover of the two courses. Involved Indian personnel who (1) already had a role in the management of ICZM projects and/or the training of staff in ICZM improved and extended their capacity to design, organise, implement and deliver training in ICZM and (2) already had role in implementation within ICZM projects built capacity to synthesise all the multi-disciplinary components of CZM to produce an integrated response to ICZM issues.
EgyptWorld Bank, (GEF)CZM ~ GEF Red Sea Coastal and Marine Resource Management ProjectWorking with government agencies including the Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency and the Tourism Development Authority, activities included: development of a database utilising GIS and remote sensing techniques; baseline studies on existing pollution and nature-based tourism, a regulatory needs assessment, identification of institutional strengthening needs, building capacity in EIA, establishment of an Environmental Monitoring and Enforcement Coordination Unit, a Reef Recreation Management Unit, and development of a Marine Protected Areas Programme.
Russian FederationWorld Bank, EBRDKomi Emergency Oil Spill Recovery and Mitigation ProjectIn 1994 one of the world's largest oil spills occurred in the Usinsk region of the Komi Republic (Russian Federation) due to leaks from the regional pipeline. Most significant impact was on commercial and domestic fisheries in the local rivers. Other impacts included: loss of habitat for small mammals and water birds, also a significant downstream effect on river communities (eight villages with population of 7000) for potable water and grazing land. Reindeer herds and their migration routes had been affected. A social mitigation plan had been established. Specific role: identification of regional priority environmental socio-economic issues, design of environmental and socio-economic measures; identification of supporting research needs; and evaluation of low-cost bioremediation.
AzerbaijanOil & GasEnvironmental Impact Assessment ~ offshore productionUndertaken for AIOC the existing oil-producing fields off Baku, Azerbaijan. Responsibilities included development of counterpart training programme in EIA management (with regard to desk study), and undertaking a Literature Review to specify the sampling programme (involved management of ten national expert technical teams).
Cyprus TRTourismDue diligence ~ tourismNewly opened dive training facilities were inspected at a leisure complex on the northern coast of in the Turkish Republic of Cyprus. Review and testing was undertaken of the facilities, equipment and staff.
MontserratUK Government, DFIDEnvironmental Impact Assessment ~ airportAssessed potential social and environmental impact of the development of Blackburne airport in Montserrat as part of a wider series of studies (engineering, financial and tourism) for the detailed feasibility of airport development: evaluation of the effects of the development on the Farm River, natural drainage patterns, coastal regime, local flora and fauna, archaeological interest, noise and dust, and on the introduction of pests and diseases. The evaluation indicated that the major impacts of the project were likely to be on land-take, landscape, the Farm River, heritage, certain local communities, transportation and infrastructure. Compensation packages were developed for properties. A sensitive design of the proposed airport built elements was recommended to maintain the infrastructure in keeping with the local architecture. The natural alignment of the Farm River was retained with the use of culverts. A local sugar mill (including, chimney, boiling house and plantation house) was recommended for relocation and an Amerindian village was recommended for excavation prior to construction. A local community would need to be relocated for safety reasons.
OmanUK Government, DFIDEnvironmental Impact Assessment ~ harbourOutline feasibility was undertaken to identify potential areas along the northern coast of Oman that could support a new commercial port facility, associated shipping, and also artisanal fisheries. Initial approach to review each potential area along the coast in terms of its access for commercial traffic and its suitability for indigenous fisheries. Then, if various investment threshold criteria were exceeded, an environmental appraisal was made of that option.
MauritiusDFIDEnvironmental Impact Assessment ~ cementNew cement handling facilities were being developed for Port Louis, Mauritius - berthing and discharging facilities for the cement vessels, silos for storage of bulk cement, a bagging plant and associated transportation and distribution facilities. Issues: land take, noise, dust, and cross contamination with other bulk-stored cargoes. Three options identified and assigned a coarse rating to each according to the potential environmental impact and relative sensitivity.
Trinidad & TobagoIADBCZMThe Ministry of Environment, Trinidad & Tobago required a study to assess the islands' natural resource base and to consider its environmental protection needs. Development opportunities of the resources were recognised, both for revenue earning capacity as a major export and also as a tourism opportunity. Various ministries, government departments and agencies with an interest in, or a duty for, the management of individual resources were identified. Existing information on the natural resource base was collated and mapped - identifying the primary natural resources, legislation that was available to protect those resources and whether that legislation was effective. Additional methods of environmental protection were proposed.
DominicaCDBEnvironmental Impact Assessment ~ marinaAssessed the potential environmental and social risks of a marina development at Indian River, Portsmouth in Dominica as part of a wider series of studies (engineering, financial and tourism) that was addressing the entire feasibility of tourism implementation plans. Tasks - an evaluation of the effects of the proposed facilities on the hydraulic behaviour of the Indian River, the coastal regime into which the river discharges, the flora and fauna within the environment that would be affected, and the cost of mitigation measures. During the course of the study the hydraulic nature of the river was described as was the local ecology and conservation interest in the area. The scenic quality was qualitatively assessed. Likely effects of both the construction and operational phases of the development were identified and in particular an assessment was made of the key impacts - ecology, erosion, dredging activity (spoil dispersal), noise, landscape, drainage, transportation and socio-economic conditions. Mitigation plan developed and costed to safeguard ecology, landscape, local economy and culture.
Turks and Caicos IslandsUK Government, DFIDEnvironmental Impact Assessment ~ airportPart of a feasibility study to review the existing airport infrastructure of the Turks and Caicos, national structure plan and tourist development options. Various airport options on five different islands were reviewed in terms of potential environmental impact. Appraisal considered ecology, waste disposal, cultural and noise issues and ranked the various topics in relation to each option, from the least to the most sensitive. Several sensitive receptors within the locality of each development option including mangrove swamps, sea grass beds, coral reefs, residential communities and wilderness-value environments. The outcome determined that no new site was available for an international airport. Consequently, the existing airports were considered for runway extensions to allow international traffic to use them. The extensions were designed taking into account environmental mitigation as developed through the appraisal process.
BahrainConstructionEnvironmental Impact Assessment ~ causewayAssessment included a primary requirement to predict changes in the hydrodynamics of the area behind a reef area that was the subject of a proposed reclamation scheme in Bahrain. Secondary requirements were the assessment of the impact of a reduced flushing regime on nursery grounds and feeding areas, and of the area/extent of potential borrow areas. Sediment characteristics were described and an inventory made of the indigenous flora and fauna.
Barbados, JamaicaUK GovernmentCZMAdaptive strategies to environmental stress in relation to environmental change in brackish water systems (Baltic Sea) and coral reefs (Jamaica and Barbados). In parallel, other studies included fish censusing as part of a programme to investigate overfishing problems; the impact of development on island natural resources and economies, and plankton investigations (time-series) as part of understanding the energy budgets of coral reefs.
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